World Owl Mythology
|Compiled by Deane Lewis Updated 2012-10-06 Created 1999-04-04|
Abyssinia: the Hamites held the Owl to be sacred.
Afghanistan: the Owl gave Man flint and iron to make fire - in
exchange, Man gave the Owl his feathers.
Africa, Central: the Owl is the familiar of wizards to the Bantu.
Africa, East: the Swahili believe the Owl brings illness to children.
Africa, Southern: Zulus know the Owl as the sorcerers' bird.
Africa, West: the messenger of wizards and witches, the Owl's cry
Algeria: place the right eye of an Eagle Owl in the hand of a sleeping
woman and she will tell all.
Arabia: the Owl is a bird of ill omen, the embodiment of evil spirits
that carries off children at night.
According to an ancient Arabic treatise, from each female Owl supposedly came two eggs,
one held the power to cause hair fall out and one held the power to restore it.
Arabs used to believe that the spirit of a murdered man continues to wail and weep until his death is avenged. They believed that a bird that they called "al Sada" (or the death-owl) would continue to hoot over the grave of a slain man whose death had not been avenged. The bird would continue to hoot endlessly until the slain man's death was avenged.
Arctic Circle: a little girl was turned into a bird with a long beak
by magic, but was so frightened she flapped about madly and flew into a wall, flattening
her face and beak. So the Owl was created.
Australia: Aborigines believe bats represent the souls of men and Owls
the souls of women. Owls are therefore sacred, because your sister is an Owl - and the Owl
is your sister.
Aztecs: one of their evil gods wore a Screech Owl on his head.
Babylon: Owl amulets protected women during childbirth.
Belgium: legend has it that a priest offered the Owl his church tower
to live in if the bird would get rid of the rats and mice that plagued his church.
Bordeaux: throw salt in the fire to avoid the Owl's curse
Borneo: the Supreme Being turned his wife into an Owl after she told
secrets to mortals.
Brittany: an Owl seen on the way to the harvest is the sign of a good
Burma: during a quarrel among the birds, the Owl was jumped upon and
so his face was flattened.
Cameroom: too evil to name, the Owl is known only as "the bird
that makes you afraid".
Carthage: the city was captured by Agathocles of Syracuse (Southern
Italy) in 310 BC. Afterward, he released Owls over his troops and they settled on their
shields and helmets, signifying victory in battle.
Celtic: the Owl was a sign of the underworld.
China: the Owl is associated with lightning (because it brightens the
night) and with the drum (because it breaks the silence). Placing Owl effigies in each
corner of the home protect it against lightning. The Owl is a symbol of Too much Yang
(positive, masculine, bright, active energy).
Croatia: The Owl is a symbol of City of Krk on the island of Krk, and is also protector of the island of Solta, where it is called "cuvitar".
Ethiopia: a man condemned to death was taken to a table on which an
Owl was painted, and then expected to take his own life.
Etruria: to the Etruscans of Ancient Italy the Owl was an attribute of
the god of darkness.
France: when a pregnant woman hears an Owl it is an omen that her
child will be a girl.
Germany: if an Owl hoots as a child is born, the infant will have an
"A charm against the terrible consequences of being bitten by a mad dog was to
carry the heart and right foot of an Owl under the left armpit."
(Encyclopedia of Superstitions)
Greenland: the Inuit see the Owl as a source of guidance and help.
Hawaii: Owls feature in old war chants.
Incas: venerated the Owl for its beautiful eyes and head.
India: Seizures in children could be treated with a broth made from
Owl eyes. Rheumatism pain was treated with a gel made from Owl meat. Owl meat could also
be eaten as a natural aphrodisiac. In northern India, if one ate the eyes of an Owl, they
would be able to see in the dark. In southern India, the cries of an Owl were interpreted
by number: One hoot was an omen of impending death; two meant success in anything that
would be started soon after; three represented a woman being married into the family; four
indicated a disturbance; five denoted coming travel; six meant guests were on the way;
seven was a sign of mental distress; eight foretold sudden death; and nine symbolized good
fortune. In parts of the Indian sub-continent people believed that the Owl was married to
The Barn owl is the "vahana" (transport/vehicle/mount) of the Hindu goddess of wisdom, Lakshmi. As such, the owl is held as a symbol of wisdom and learning. The eagle owls, especially the rock eagle owl [Bubo bengalensis] and the brown fish owl [Bubo zeylonensis] are called " ullu" in Hindi and the word is also used as a synonym for "idiot" or "imbecile". The most chilling sound during the quiet and cold winter nights in the plains of Bengal is perhaps the call of the " kaal penchaa", the Brown Hawk Owl. The rhythmic "kuk - kuk - kuk" is believed to be a foreboding of impending death. Information thanks to Anirban Brahmachari of Northern India.
Indonesia: Around Manado, on the isle of Sulawesi, People consider
Owls very wise. They call them Burung Manguni. Every time someone wants to
travel, they listen to the owls. The owls make two different sounds; the first
means it is safe to go, and the second means it's better to stay at home. The
Minahasa, people around Manado, take those warnings very seriously. They stay
at home when Manguni says so. Information thanks to Alex van
Iran: In Farsi the Little Owl (Athene Noctua) is called
"Joghde-kochek". It is said that this bird brings bad luck. In Islam, it's forbidden (Haram) to eat.
Ireland: An Owl that enters the house must be killed at once, for if
it flies away it will take the luck of the house with it.
Israel: in Hebrew lore the Owl represents blindness and desolation and
Jamaica: to ward off the Owl's bad luck, cry "Salt and pepper for
Japan: among the Ainu people the Eagle Owl is revered as a messenger
of the gods or a divine ancestor. They would drink a toast to the Eagle Owl
before a hunting expedition. The Screech Owl warns against danger. Though they think the
Barn Owl and Horned Owl are demonic. They would nail wooden images of
owls to their houses in times of famine or pestilence.
Latvia: when Christian soldiers entered his temple, the local pagan
god flew away as an Owl.
Lorraine: spinsters go to the woods and call to the Owl to help them
find a husband.
Luxembourg: Owls spy treasures, steal them and hoard them.
Madagascar: Owls join witches to dance on the graves of the
Malawi: the Owl carries messages for witches.
Malaya: Owls eat new-born babies.
Mayarts: Owls were the messengers of the rulers of Xibalba, the Place
Mexico: the Owl makes the cold North wind (the gentle South wind is
made by the butterfly). The Little Owl was called "messenger of the lord of the land
of the dead", and flew between the land of the living and the dead.
Middle East: the owl is linked with destruction, ruin and death.
They are believed to represents the souls of people who have died
un-avenged. Seeing an owl on the way to battle foretells a bloody battle with many deaths and casualties.
Seeing an owl at somebody's house predicts their death. Seeing an owl in your sleep is fine as long as you don't hear it's voice.
An Owl's sound forecasts a bad day.
person who nags and complains a lot is compared to an owl. When someone is grumpy or is delivering bad news, they are said to have a face like an owl.
Mongolia: the Burial people hang up Owl skins to ward off evil.
Mongolia, Inner: Owls enter the house by night to gather human
Morocco: the cry of Owls can kill infants. According to Moroccan
custom, an Owl's eye worn on a string around the neck was an effective talisman to avert
the "evil eye."
New Zealand: to the Maoris it is an unlucky bird.
Newfoundland: the hoot of the Horned Owl signals the approach of bad
Nigeria: in legend, Elullo, a witch and a chief of the Okuni tribe,
could become an Owl.
In certain parts of Nigeria, natives avoid naming the Owl, referring to it at
"the bird that makes your afraid".
Persia: wizards use arrows tipped with a bewitched man's fingernails
to kill Owls.
Peru: boiled Owl is said to be a strong medicine.
Poland: Polish folklore links Owls with death. Girls who die unmarried
turn into doves; girls who are married when they die turn into Owls.
An owl cry heard in or near a home usually meant impending death, sickness, or other
An old story tells how the Owl does not come out at during the day because it is too
beautiful, and would be mobbed by other, jealous birds.
Puerto Rico: The Owl is
called "Mucaro". Back in the 1800s, the people from the mountain coffee
plantations used to blame the little mucaro for the loss of coffee grains. The
belief was that the coffee was part of the owls' diet, and many owls were
There are old folklore songs on the subject, one goes like this:
you're a gentleman
you just want to eat a rat,
then the rat set up a trap,
he eats the coffee grains
and people blame you."
Romania: the souls of repentant sinners flew to heaven in the guise of
a Snowy Owl.
Russia: hunters carry Owl claws so that, if they are killed, their
souls can use them to climb up to Heaven.
Tartar shamen of Central Russia could assume Owl shapes.
Kalmucks hold the Owl to be sacred because one once saved the life of Genghis Khan.
Samoa: the people are descended from an Owl.
Saxony: the Wend people say that the sight of an Owl makes child-birth
Scotland: it's bad luck to see an Owl in daylight.
Shetland Isles: a cow will give bloody milk if scared by an Owl.
Siberia: the Owl is a helpful spirit.
Spain: legend has it that the Owl was once the sweetest of singers,
until it saw Jesus crucified. Ever since it has shunned daylight and only repeats the
words 'cruz, cruz' ('cross, cross').
Sri Lanka: the Owl is married to the bat.
Sumeria: The goddess of death, Lilith, was attended by Owls.
Sweden: the Owl is associated with witch's.
Tangiers: Barn Owls are the clairvoyants of the Devil.
Transylvania: farmers used to scare away Owls by walking round their
Ural Mountains: Snowy Owls were made to stay behind while other birds
migrate as a punishment for deception.
U.S.A: if you hear an Owl-cry you must return the call, or else take
off an item of clothing and put it on again inside-out.
Louisiana: Owls are old people and should be respected.
Louisiana Cajuns (individuals who share the French-based culture originally brought to
Louisiana by exiles from the French colony of Acadia in the 18th century) thought you
should get up from bed and turn your left shoe upside down to avert disaster, if you hear
an Owl calling late at night.
Illinois: kill an Owl and revenge will be visited upon your family.
New Mexico: the hooting of Owls warns of the coming of witches.
Wales: an Owl heard among houses means an unmarried girl has lost her
If a woman is pregnant and she alone hears an owl hoot outside her house at night then her
child will be blessed.
In Welsh mythology, Blodeuedd, a woman made from flowers, is cursed by her husband's uncle, turning her into an owl.
"You are never to show your face to the light of day, rather you shall fear other birds; they will be hostile to you, and it will be their nature to maul and molest you wherever they find you."
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