Little Sumba Hawk-Owl - Ninox sumbaensis
[For help with terms used in the description, see parts of an owl. For general characteristics common to most owl species, see owl physiology.]
Since the late 1980s, an unknown owl
of the Genus Otus has been reported on the island of Sumba in Indonesia.
Through DNA testing, this Owl has now been identified as a Ninox owl,
but different to Ninox novaeseelandiae (Southern Boobook Owl), Ninox
scutulata (Brown Hawk Owl) and Ninox rudolfi (Sumba Boobook) that
are present in Indonesia.
Description: The face
is Grey with white eye-brows, while the crown is greyish with fine barring.
The bill goes from horn to yellow at the tip. Eyes are yellow.
The throat is rufous with dark stripes and the lower breast is white with dark
stripes. Upper parts are light brown with fine, widely spaced dark brown
stripes. Scapulars are white.
The underside of the flight feathers are barred rufous and cream, and the
upperside is barred rufous and dark brown. The tail has 12-13 dark brown bars
on a light rufous-brown background.
The legs are feathered on the front down to the toes, but almost bare on the
back. The toes have bristly feathers on the top. Feet are yellow, as are the
claws, which have have a grey-black tip.
Size: One specimen:
Body Length 23cm (9"). Wing Span 57cm (22.4"). Tail Length 9.95cm (3.9"). Weight 90g (3.2oz)
Voice: Single, low,
whistled "who" repeated every 3 seconds.
Hunting & Food:
Habitat: Primary and
Secondary forest of around 600m (1968ft) elevation.
of Sumba, Indonesia.
Status: Uncertain, most likely endangered.
Original Description: Olsen, Wink, Sauer-Gurth & Trost. 2002. Emu, 102, p. 223-231.
Olsen, Jerry ; Wink, Michael; Sauer-Gürth, Hedi & Trost, Susan. 2002. "A new Ninox owl from Sumba, Indonesia". EMU vol. 102, CSIRO for the RAOU
Page compiled by Deane P. Lewis. Page last updated 2012-08-13
OwlPages.com Owl Species ID: 240.070.000