The Band-bellied Owl is a medium-sized to large owl with no ear tufts.
Photo Gallery (4 pictures)
Description: The facial disc is dark brown. Eyebrows are
wide and prominent, while the loral streaks are white, forming 'spectacles'.
Eyes are dark reddish-brown to blackish-brown while the cere and bill are pale
horn. There is a white patch on the throat bordered by a dark area, with a white
half-collar below. Upperparts are dark brown with some paler mottling. The wings
are dark, narrowly banded white. The tail is dark brown with about six narrow
white bars and a white terminal band.
Underparts are buffish-white, with prominent rufous-brown to dark brown bars. The upper chest has a broad brown band, mottled with whitish and buffish tones. The pectoral band is indistinctly broken in the centre of the upper breast.
Legs are feathered whitish-buff, while the bare toes are pale greyish-brown. Claws are horn-coloured with darker tips.
Size: Length 44-48cm. Wing length 275-325mm. Tail length 163-192mm. Weight 420-500g.
Habits: The Band-bellied Owl is an unsociable bird, and apparently nocturnal.
Voice: A rapid sequence of popping notes introduced by a short purring call, with the popping notes having emphasis on the third - hoorr-gogogógog.
Hunting & Food: Little known. Likely similar prey to the Spectacled Owl - Smaller mammals and birds as well as large insects.
Breeding: The breeding habits of the Band-bellied owl are virtually unknown. Probably nests in natural cavities in trees.
Habitat: Humid and dense montane forest, locally more open woodland. Ranges from about 700 to 1600m elevation.
Distribution: East of the Andes from southwest Colombia, through Ecuador and Peru to Bolivia.
Status: Listed as 'Least Concern' by Birdlife International.
Original Description: Tschudi, Johann Jakob von. 1844. Archiv für Naturgeschichte. In verbindung mit mehreren Gelehrten herausgegeben von Arnold August von Wiegmann. Berlin. 10 (12 vols. 8vo), p. 266.