The Owl Pages

Andaman Hawk Owl ~ Ninox affinis


The Andaman Hawk Owl is a small to medium-sized brown owl with a rounded head and no ear-tufts. It is also known as the Andaman Boobook.

Photo Gallery (4 pictures)

  • Andaman Hawk Owl
  • Andaman Hawk Owl
  • Andaman Hawk Owl
  • Andaman Hawk Owl

Sound Gallery

Typical call - South Andaman. © Dave Farrow.


Description: The facial disc is greyish. Eyes are yellow, cere is dull green and the bill is yellowish-horn, paler on the upper ridge and tip. The crown and mantle are plain brown with indistinct fine ochre vermiculations. The mantle has a rufous tint.
Upperparts are brown, with the outer webs of the scapulars having larger pale cinnamon-buffish areas. Flight and tail feathers are barred brown and buff, with the secondaries having a rufous tinge.
Underparts are pale brownish-buff, streaked chestnut-brown over the entire underside - these streaks appearing as long stripes from the neck to the belly. Tarsi are feathered to the base of the toes, which a bare or sparsely bristled, and coloured yellowish. Claws are blackish-horn.

Size: Length 25-28cm. Wing length 167-170mm. No weight data available.

Habits: Little known, probably similar to the Brown Hawk Owl.

Voice: A short, hollow, guttural, downslurred croak repeated at intervals of several seconds - crauwu.

Hunting & Food: The Andaman Hawk Owl feeds mainly on insects. This owl has been observed hawking moths and beetles in flight.

Breeding: The breeding biology of this owl is virtually unknown.

Habitat: Mainly lowland forest. Has been observed hunting in low secondary forest.

Distribution: The Andaman Hawk Owl is endemic to the Andaman Islands.

Range of Andaman Hawk Owl (Ninox affinis)
Range of the Andaman Hawk Owl Ninox affinis

Status: Listed as 'Least Concern' by BirdLife International.

Original Description: Beavan, Robert Cecil. 1867. Ibis, New Series, vol. 3, p. 316.

BirdLife International. 2020. "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". IUCN.
Boyer and Hume. 1991. "Owls of the World". BookSales Inc.
del Hoyo, Elliott & Sargatal. 1999. "Handbook of the Birds of the World: Barn Owls to Hummingbirds". Buteo Books.
International Ornithological Congress. 2020. "IOC World Bird List - Owls".
König, Claus & Weick, Friedhelm. 2008. "Owls: A Guide to the Owls of the World (Second Edition)". Yale University Press.
König, Weick and Becking. 1999. "Owls: A Guide to the Owls of the World". Yale University Press.
Voous, Karel H.. 1988. "Owls of the Northern Hemisphere". The MIT Press.
Ninox affinis at Xeno-canto.

See also: Other owls from Asia, Genus: Ninox.

Page by Deane Lewis. Last updated 2021-04-26.